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V. Sabadukha, PhD. In Philosophy
Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, department of social sciences, Kyiv, Ukraine
THE IDEA OF PERSONALITY IN PHILOSOPHY OF IMMANUEL KANT, FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE, MAX SCHELER
The purpose of the article is to analyze the views of I. Kant, F. Nietzsche, and M. Scheler on the problem of personality in the context of the principle of spiritual hierarchy. To do this we need to solve the following problems: first, to make a comparative analysis of their views; and second, to formulate the main theses of the author's metaphysical concept of personality. To analyze the problem of personality, the methodology of knowledge of K. Mannheim and the ideas of P. Ricker have been applied. On the basis of the principle of the spiritual hierarchy, the author's understanding of the meaning of the concept of "personality" is formulated. The metaphysical concept of personality, revives the hierarchical approach to the understanding of a person, on the one hand, and, formulates a new theoretical apparatus for the enhanced understanding of a person and personality in particular, on the other hand. The proposed concept of personality lays the foundations for rethinking the content of the educational process, places on the agenda the study of mechanisms for the perfection of man and society.
Keywords: outlook, personality, mediocre man, the hierarchy, equality, morality.
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Corresponding author: V. Sabadukha
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