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Skovoroda's Institute of Philosophy, The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
RECIPROCITY AND THE PROBLEM OF RECONCILIATION
This article demonstrates that the option of reciprocity and reconciliation is preserved even in the situation that might be called a manifestation of radical evil. The resolution of the acute crisis of human and intercultural relations manifested in tragic events, such as the Holocaust or the genocides, lies in reciprocity through forgiveness, on the one side, and in reciprocity through justice (ethical equality of the conflicting parties), on the other side. Obviously, this is an extremely complicated and hardly realizable task in the decades to come. However, we have no alternative to solving this problem. Reciprocity, in the broadest sense of the word, as our obligation towards the other to return to them the advantages they give to us, is one of the basic prerequisites of the very possibility of social cooperation. The discussion of ways of reconciliation — especially in the legal aspect — is more typical for Western European culture based on the tradition of Christianity. Nevertheless, this does not mean that there are no possibilities for reconciliation in Islam, Confucianism, or in any other cultural or religious traditions. Therefore, it is extremely important in the globalizing world firstly to study and to update knowledge on the various "reconciliation cultures" represented in various traditions and ethoses, and secondly to look for opportunities for reconciliation understood as peaceful coexistence and accommodation of superficially warring positions and cultural and religious concepts.
Keywords: reciprocity, reconciliation, forgiveness, Kant, Rawls.
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Corresponding author: Denis Kiryukhin
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