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Issue №1 2017

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UDC 101

Xenija Zborovska

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv

 

THE INTERPRETATION OF SENSUS, RATIO AND INTELLECTUS IN HEYMERIСUS DE CAMPO - ANTHROPOLOGICAL ORIGINS OF THE DOCTRINE OF NICHOLAS OF CUSA

 

  The article deals with specificity of the use of the concepts sensus, ratio and intellectus in anthropology Heymericus de Campo and their deployment in the inheritance of his pupil Nicholas of Cusa. Actually the general public know only the author of De docta ignorantia, - while his teacher, quite famous at that time Heymericus theologian, is known mainly German researchers of mystics and, moreover, in a very narrow way. It can be stated also almost complete lack of of translations of works Heymericus Slavic languages. By etymological and hermeneutic text analysis and making translations in Latin favorite quotes the author concludes that even considering the very significant differences in their anthropological concepts and epistemological constructions, Heymericus de Campo and Nicholas of Cusa are quite unison in one: the intellect present in the human potential but it is necessary to cultivate it, approaching the maximum relevance, which is the same God. It’s analyzed the use of the "specular" metaphor of Heymeriсus de Campo, his relation to the relevant cognitive concepts in Plato and Aristotle. Based on this, the author concludes that Heymericus de Campo purpose of the human mind - to create a mirror image (ymaginem specularem) in the divine part of our intellect (intellectus), and that is the mirror image of the people will be able to "see" their ontological basis - the Divine Essence, to which they are implicated. Such analysis "Treatise of eternity" of Heymeriсus enables a deeper understanding of the ontological basis of the tradition of correlation sensus, ratio and intellectus in Nicholas of Cusa.

  Keywords: anthropology, medieval mysticism, sensus, ratio, intellectus, intelligentia.

 

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Corresponding author: Xenija Zborovska

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