[full article] - PDF (language - english)
Ya. Sobolevsky, PhD
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
HISTORICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE NEW ENGLAND (AMERICA) SETTLEMENT'S WORLDVIEW
The formation and development of the basic philosophical ideas of the first colonists on the basis of historical, literary texts have been studied. The historical conditions of formation of religious movement in Christianity - Protestantism, his basic ideas that influenced the origin of Puritan's providential motives are studied. Political, social and cultural conditions and religious beliefs did not leave to intellectuals a lot of ideas for speculative research. This was the era of the Puritan ideals, pious patriarchal customs, so early American philosophy manifested itself mainly in theological works and church hymns and, later, in the works of historical and political subjects. Historical and philosophical studies of American philosophy should be started with searching for the first philosophical thoughts, such as nature of the self, God, what is community and what relationships should be between two and more persons, and of course - their origins, legacy and destiny, especially from the time of the Puritans in New England According to this theses religious, political, economic and socio-cultural background of these ideas are discovered. Also, Puritan axiology denies luxury, however does not deny success. The belief in feature and calling the whole nation make first colonists feel like the biblical peoples. However, these ideas and the providential motives were forming the outlook of the Puritans, religion and economy identified the first American in the New World.
Keywords: American philosophy, History of philosophy, God, Personality, Providentialism, Puritanism.
List of references:
1. Pokrovskij, Nikita. 1989. Rannjaja amerikanskaja filosofija. Puritanizm. Moskva: Vysshaja shkola.
2. Bowen, Francis. 2010. Modern Philosophy from Descartes to Schopenhauer and Hartmann. Charleston: Nabu Press.
3. Calvin, John. 1845. Christian Denominations Protestantism Post-Reformation Other Protestant denominations Reformed or Calvinistic Churches. Grand Rapids: Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
4. Cotton, Mather. 1702. Magnalia Christi Americana: or, The ecclesiastical history of New-England, from its first planting in the year 1620. unto the year of Our Lord, 1698. London: Printed for Thomas Parkhurst, at the Bible and three crowns in Cheapside.
5. Neal, Daniel. 1732. The History of the Puritans, or Protestant Nonconformists from the Reformation to the Death of Queen Elizabeth. Vol. 1. London: Printed for R. Hett.
6. Niebuhr, Richard H. 1929. The Social Sources of Denominationalism. New York: H. Holt.
7. Sanborn, Franklin B. "The Puritanic Philosophy and Jonathan Edwards." Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17(1883):401–422.
8. Woodhead, Abraham. 1687. Considerations Concerning the Spirit of Martin Luther, and the Original of the Reformation. London: Oxford.
Corresponding author: Yaroslav Sobolevsky
Copyright © 2017 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv University Publishing